Below are the books, journals and articles I collected over the years. Most of them are rather old, but are nevertheless very usefull. One book worth mentioning is Bestimmungstabellen der Gallen (Zoo- und Phytocecidien) an Pflanzen Mittel- und Nordeuropas by Buhr. This is available at Koeltz Scientific Books ( 'Les galles de France', by Dauphin & Aniotsbehère (1997) is also a beautiful book with keys, once you understand most of the French 'code' words that are used. Up to date keys are not available for the Netherlands at the moment, but luckily they are available sometimes at second hand book stores, and sometimes articles are written about some gall inducing organism or group of gall makers.

For copy of the second edition of the Gallenboek by Docters van Leeuwen you can go to Antiquariaat Kok in Amsterdam ( A print of Britisch Plant Galls by Redfern & Shirley & Bloxham you can order from FSI or from some of the book stores in the Netherlands. The book shop of Naturalis in Leiden also has this book for sale. Some members of the British Plant Galls Society recently published some interesting books: The Natural History of the Rose Bedeguar Gall and its Insect Community, by Simon Randolph & Oak-galls in Britain, by Robin Willams. The first can be obtained from Peter Shirley, 72 Dagger Lane, West Bromwich, B71 4BS, UK, £ 9,50 plus costs for packing and postage. The latter book is printed directly from the computer by Robin Willams, Kyntons Mead, Heath House, Wedmore, Sommerset, BS28 4UQ, UK. Appart from this, there is a book published in the US with a review of the state of knowledge: Biology, Ecology and Evolution of Gall-inducing Arthropods, by Anantanarayanan Raman, Carl W. Schaefer and Toni M. Withers. Het boek is uitgegeven door Science Publishers, Inc., Enfield, New Hampshire, USA. 2005. Volume 1, pp i-xxi and 1-429: Volume 2, pp i-xxi and 431-817. $148. Duur dus!!

Adair, R.J., S. Neser, P. Kolesik, 2000, Australian Seed-Preventing Gall Midges (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) as Potential Biological Control Agents for Invasive Acacia ssp. in South Africa, Proceedings of the X International Symposium on Biological Control of Weeds 4-14 July 1999, Montana State University, Bozeman, Montana, USA, pp. 605-613.
Amrine, J.W. Jr., T.A.H. Stasny, C.H.W. Flechtmann. 2003. Revised Keys to World Genera of Eriophyoidea (Acari: Prostigmata). Indira Publishiing House, West Bloomfield, Michigan, U.S.A.
Barnes, H.F. 1946. Gall Midges of Economic Importance. Vol. I: Gall Midges of Root and Vegetable Crops. Crosby Lockwood & Son Ltd London.
Barnes, H.F. 1946. Gall Midges of Economic Importance. Vol. II: Gall Midges of Fodder Crops. Crosby Lockwood & Son Ltd London.
Barnes, H.F. 1948. Gall Midges of Economic Importance. Vol. III: Gall Midges of Fruit. Crosby Lockwood & Son Ltd London.
Barnes, H.F. 1948. Gall Midges of Economic Importance. Vol. IV: Ornamental Plants and Shrubs. Crosby Lockwood & Son Ltd London.

Barnes, H.F. 1956. Gall Midges of Economic Importance. Vol. VII: Gall Midges of Cereal Crops. Crosby Lockwood & Son Ltd London.

Becher, F. prof. dr.Fremddienliche Zweckmässigkeit der Pflanzengallen, 1917, Verlag von Veit & Comp., Leipzig.
Beyerinck, M.W.Dr.Beobachtungen über die ersten entwicklungsphasen einiger Cynipidengallen, 1882, Johannes Müller, Amsterdam.
Blommers, L.H.M. 2008. Pemphredon austrica (Hymenoptera: Crabronidae) and various other insect species as inhabitants of deserted galls. Entomologische Berichten 68(5): 170-174. 
British Plant Gall Society, edited by Stubbs, F.B.Provisional keys to British Plant Galls, 1986, British Plant Gall Society.
Brooks, S.E., Shorthouse, J.D. 1998. Developmental morphology of stem galls of Diplolepis nodulosa (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae) and those modified by the inquiline Periclistus pirata (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae) on Rosa blanda(Rosaceae). Can. J. Bot. 76: 365-381.
Buhr. H.Bestimmungstabellen der Gallen (Zoo- und Phytocecidien) an Pflanzen Mittel- und Nordeuropas, 1964-1965, Jena, 2 vols.
Buissink, F. 1981. 'n Woonwijk onder een eikeblad. Grasduinen, nummer 11: 26-35.
Byers, J.A., Brewer, J.W., Denna, D.W. 1976. Plant growth hormones in pinyon insect galls. Marcellia 39:125-134.
Cecidological Society of IndiaCecidologia Internationale Vol. 1, 1980, Cecidological Society of India.
Cecidology, Journal of the British Plant Gall Society, 1986, Vol 1, No 1
Cecidology, Journal of the British Plant Gall Society, 1986, Vol 1, No 2
Cecidology, Journal of the British Plant Gall Society, 1996, Vol 11, No 1
Cecidology, Journal of the British Plant Gall Society, 1999, Vol 14, No 1
Cecidology, Journal of the British Plant Gall Society, 1999, Vol 14, No 2
Cecidology, Journal of the British Plant Gall Society, 2000, Vol 15, No 1
Cecidology, Journal of the British Plant Gall Society, 2000, Vol 15, No 2
Cecidology, Journal of the British Plant Gall Society, 2001, Vol 16, No 1
Cecidology, Journal of the British Plant Gall Society, 2001, Vol 16, No 2
Cecidology, Journal of the British Plant Gall Society, 2002, Vol 17, No 1
Cecidology, Journal of the British Plant Gall Society, 2002, Vol 17, No 2
Cecidology, Journal of the British Plant Gall Society, 2003, Vol 18, No 1
Cecidology, Journal of the British Plant Gall Society, 2003, Vol 18, No 2
Cecidology, Journal of the British Plant Gall Society, 2004, Vol 19, No 1
Cecidology, Journal of the British Plant Gall Society, 2005, Vol 20, No 2
Connold, E.T. F.Z.S., F.E.S.British Oak Galls, 1908, Adlard and son, London.
Connold, E.T. F.Z.S., F.E.S.British Vegetable Galls,1901, Hutchinson & Co., London.
Coulianos, C.C., Holmåsen, I.Galler, En fälthandbok om gallbildningar på vilda och odlade växter, 1991, Interpublishing Stockholm.
Craemer, C., Sobhian, R., McClay, A.S., Amrine Jr., J.W. 1999. A new species of Cecidophyes (Acari: Eriophyidae) from Galium aparine (Rubiaceae) with notes on its biology and potential as a biological control agent for Galium spurium. International Journal of Acarology Vol. 25, No. 4.
Cross, J.V., Crook, D.J. 1999. Predicting spring emergence of blackcurrant leaf midge (Dasineura tetensi) from air temperatures. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 91: 421-430.
Csóka G., Hirka, A., A. Koltay (eds.) 2006. Biotic damage in forests. Proceedings of the IUFRO (WP 7.03.10) Symposium held in Mátrafüred, Hungary, September 12-16, 2004.
Darlington, A., Hirons, M.J.D. 1968. The Pocket Encyclopaedia of Plant Galls in colour. Blandford Press Poole Dorset.
Dauphin, P., Aniotsbehere, J.C.Les Galles de France. Memoires de la Societe Linneenne de Bordeaux. Tome 2, 1997.

Dauphin, P., Aniotsbehere, J.C.Les Galles de France. Memoires de la Societe Linneenne de Bordeaux. Tome 2, 1993.

den Hartog, C.1989. Distribution of Plasmodiophora bicaudata, a parasitic fungus on small Zostera species. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms. Vol. 6: 227-229.

Docters van Leeuwen, W.M.Gallenboek, 1957, KNNV, B.V. W.J.Thieme & Cie – Zutphen.

Docters van Leeuwen, W.M., Alta, H.Gallenboek, 1946, KNNV, G.W. Beugel – Uitgever – Amsterdam.

Docters van Leeuwen, W.M., bewerkt door Wiebes-Rijks, A.A., Houtman, G., e.a., Gallenboek, 1982, KNNV, B.V. W.J.Thieme & Cie – Zutphen.


Docters van Leeuwen-Reijnvaan, W. und J.Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Gallen von Java (extrait du Recueil des travaux botaniques Néerlandais. Vol VIII. Livr. 1., 1911, Samarang (Java).
Docters van Leeuwen-Reijnvaan, Mrs. J., Docters van Leeuwen, Dr. W.M. 1926. The Zoocecidia of the Netherlands East Indies. Batavia - Drukkerij De Unie.
Eady, R.D., Quinlan, J., 1963, Handbooks for the Identification of British Insects, Hymenoptera, Cynipoidea, keys to families and subfamilies and CYNIPINAE (including galls), Royal Entomological Society of London, Vol. VIII. Part I (a).
Ellis, M.B., J.P. Ellis. 1997. Microfungi on Land Plants. An Identification Handbook. New enlarged edition. The Richmond Publishing Co. Ltd. Slough, England.
Eroglu, M. Gall Production Strategy that is Interfering with Life Cycles of two Important Gall-Maker Species, Andricus gallaetinctoriae (Oliv) and A. kollari Htg. (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae) in Turkey. Karadeniz Technical University, Faculty of Forestry, Trabzon, Turkey.
Felt, E.P. 2001. Plant Galls and Gall Makers. Updesh Purohit for agrobios (India), Jodhpur.
Fernandes, G.W., Duarte, H., Lüttge. 2003. Hypersensitivity of Fagus sylvatica L. against leaf galling insects. Trees 17:407-411.
Ferraz, Fernando Fortunato Faria & Ricardo Ferreira Monteiro.Complex interactions envolving a gall midge Myrciaensis maricaensis Maia (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae), phytophagous modifiers and parasitoids, 2003, Revista Braileira de Zoologia 20 (3): 433-437.
Gagné, R.J. 1989. The plant-feeding gall midges of North America. Cornell University Press.
Grevellius, A.Y. dr., Niessen, J.Zoocecidia et Cecidozoa, 1912, Kempen (Rhein), Lieferung VI, Nr. 126-150.
Grevellius, A.Y. dr., Niessen, J.Zoocecidia et Cecidozoa, 1910, Kempen (Rhein), Lieferung VI, Nr. 101-125.
Grevellius, A.Y. dr., Niessen, J.Zoocecidia et Cecidozoa, 1908, Kempen (Rhein), Lieferung IV, Nr. 76-100.
Grevellius, A.Y. dr., Niessen, J.Zoocecidia et Cecidozoa, 1908, Kempen (Rhein), Lieferung III, Nr. 51-75.
Grevellius, A.Y. dr., Niessen, J.Zoocecidia et Cecidozoa, 1907, Kempen (Rhein), Lieferung II, Nr. 26-50.
Grevellius, A.Y. dr., Niessen, J.Zoocecidia et Cecidozoa, 1906, Kempen (Rhein), Lieferung I, Nr. 1-25.
Hancy, R.The Study of Plant Galls in Norfolk, Occassional Publication No. 5, 1999, The Norfolk and Norwich Naturalists’ Society.
Harman, H.M., Syrett, P., Hill, R.L., Jessep, C.T. 1996. Arthropod introductions for biological control of weeds in New Zealand, 1929 - 1995.New Zealand Entomologist, Vol. 19.
Hesse, M. von. Andricus singulus (sex) Mayr als Urheber von Kätzchengallen auf Quercus cerris. Mitt. Bot. Linz 4/1,13-18.
Hieronymus, G., 1891, Zoocecidien.
Hollis, D., Martin, J.H. 1997. Jumping Plantlice (Hemiptera: Psylloidea) attacking avocado pear trees, Persea americana, in the New World, with a review of Lauraceae-feeding among psylloidsBulletin of Entomological Research 87, 171-180.
Hollis, D., Martin, J.H. 1997. Jumping Plantlice (Insecta: Hemiptera) attacking Loncocarpus species (Leguminosae), including 'Black Cabbage Bark', in Belize. Journal of Natural History, 31, 237-267.
Ito, M., Hijii, N. 2002. Factors affecting refuge from parasitoid attack in a cynipid wasp, Aphelonyx glanduliferae. Population Ecology. 44:23-32.
Joman, A.Gallenboekje, 1901-1926, Nederlandsche Natuurhistorische Vereeniging.
Kane, N.A., Jones, C.S., Vuorisalo, T. 1997. Development of galls on leaves of Alnus glutinosa and Alnus incana (Betulaceae) caused by the eriophyid mite Eriophyes laevis (Nalepa). Int. J. Plant Sci. 158(1):13-23.
Küster, E. dr.Die Gallen der Pflanzen, 1911, S. Hirzel verlag Leipzig.
Küster, E. dr., 1916. Pathologische Pflanzenanatomie. Verlag von Gustav Fischer in Jena.
Leatherdale, D. 1959. The Plant Gall of Norway, A preliminary catalogue based on the collection of the Zoological Museum, University of Bergen. A.S. John Griegs Boktrykkeri, Bergen.
Magnus, W. prof. dr.Die Entstehung der Pflanzengallen verursacht durch Hymenopteren, 1914, Gustav Fischer Jena.
Mani, M. S.Plant Galls of India, 1973, Macmillian ISSD Press, Madras.

Martin, N. 2003. Is the New Zealand endemic gall mite Aceria clianthiendangered? DOC Science Internal Series 146. Department of Conservation, Wellington.
Mayr, G. dr.Die europäischen Arten der gallenbewohnden Cynipiden, 1882, k.k. Hof- und Universitäts-Buchhändler Wien.
Melika, G., Buss, E.A. 2002. Description of the sexual generation ofCallirhytis quercuscornigera and a new inquiline (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae). Florida Entomologist 85 (4). 625-631. 
Meyer, J., Plant Galls and Gall Inducers, 1987, Gebrüder Borntraeger, Berlin, Stuttgart.


Miller, W.B., A.E. Weis, 1999, Adaption of coyote brush to the abiotic environment and its effects on suseptibility to a gall-making midge, OIKOS 84: 199-208, Copenhagen. 
Mook, J.H. 1967. Habitat selection by Lipara lucens Mg. (Diptera, Chloropidae) and its survival value. Proefschrift. J.B. wolters, Groningen. 
Nijveld, W. 1969. Gall Midges of Economic Importance. Vol. VIII: Gall Midges - Miscellaneous. Crosby Lockwood & Son Ltd London. 
Parrella, M.P., P.B. ThompsonLife History and Description of Dasineura gleditchiae (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) in California, Slosson Report 95-98. 
Pearson, D.E., R.M. Callaway, 2003, Indirect effects of host-specific biological control agents, Trends in Ecoloy and Evolution, Vol. 18 No. 9. 
Popescu, I.E. 2006. Eurytomid Wasp (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea, Eurytomidae) New for Romanian Fauna (III). Analele Stiintifice ale Universitatii "AL. I. CUZA" Iasi, s. Biologie animala, Tom LII. 
Raman, A., C.W. Schaefer, T.M. Withers. 2005. Biology, Ecology, and Evolution of Gall-inducing Arthropods, Volume 1 and 2. Science Publishers Inc., Enfield, NH, USA. 
Randolph, S., 2005, The Natural History of the Rose Bedeguar Gall and its Insect Community, British Plant Gall Society. 
Redfern, M., Askew, R.R.Plant Galls, Naturalists’ Handbooks 17, 1992, Richmond Publishing Co. Ltd., ISBN 0 85546285 X.

Redfern, M., A.J. Cameron, K. Down. 2008. De Gallis - on Galls, by Marcello Malpighi, facsimile together with a translation and interpretation. The Ray Society, London. 
Redfern, M., Shirley, P., British Plant Galls, Identification of galls on plants and fungi, 2002, Field Studies (2002)10:207--531, FSC Publications.

Riedel, M., 1910, Gallen und Gallwespen, K. G. Lutz’ Verlag, Stuttgart.
Rokas, A., Atkinson, L.M.I. Webster, G. Csóka, G.N. Stone. 2003 . Out of Anatolia: longitudinal gradient in genetic diversity support an eastern origin for a circum-Mediterranean oak gallwasp Andricus quercustozae.Molecular Ecology, 12, 2153-2174. Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Rokas, A., Atkinson, R.J., Nieves-Aldrey, J.L., West, A., Stone, G.N.2002. The incidence and diversity of Wolbachia in gallwasps (Hymenoptera; Cynipidae) on oak. Molecular Ecology 11, 1815-1829.
Roskam, J.C. 1979. Biosystematics of insects living in female birch catkins. Offsetdrukkerij Lectura - Leiden.
Roskam, H., van der Aa, H., van As, B., Bijkerk, J. & Ellis. 2008.Obolodiplosis robiniae (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae), in Nederland. Massaal voorkomen van een nieuwe galmugsoort voor de Nederlandse fauna. Entomologische Berichten.67(1) 2008.
Roskam, H., de Gier, H., Persoon, B., de Bruin, G.J., ter Keurs, W.J..1997. Secondary Succession of Gall Inducers in Coppice. Ecology and Evolution of Plant-Feeding Insects in Natural and Man-Made Environments: 145-157.
Ross, H. & H. Hedicke. 1927. Die Phlanzengallen (Cecidien) Mittel- und Nordeuropas, ihre Erreger un Biologie un Bestimmungstabellen. Jena Verlag von Gustav Fischer.
Rübsaamen, Ew.H. 1896. Über russische Zoocecidien und deren Erzeuger. Bulletin de la Société Impériale des Naturalistes de Moscou.Moscou Imprimerie de l’Université Impériale.
Russo, R. 2006. Field Guide to Plant Galls of California and Other Western States. California Natural History Guides. University of California Press.
Sanver, D., Hawkins, B.A., 2000, Galls as habitats : the inquiline communities of insect galls, Basic Appl. Ecol. 1, 3-11.
Scheenstra, W.Raadsel van knoppergallen in Oosterwolde opgelost.
Schlechtendal, von, D.H.R.drDie Gallbildungen (Zoocecidien) der Deutschen Gefässpflanzen, 1891, R. Zückler. Zwickau.
Siegen, A.L.dr., Abhandlungen aus dem westfälischen provinzial-museum für naturkunde, 6. Jahrgang 1935 heft 2, Die pflanzengallen des siegerlandes und der angrenzenden gebiete, Westfälischen provinzial-museum für naturkunde, Münster i. W.
Skuhrava, M., Blasco-Zumeta, J., Skuhravy, V., 1993. Gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) of Aragon. A review of species found in the period 1890-1990 with new records for the Monegros region. Zapateri, revta. aragon. ent., 3 : 27-36.
Skuhrava, M., 1995. A new gall midge species, Etsuhoa thuriferae sp.n. (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae), from galls on Juniperus thurifera L. (Cupressaceae) in Spain., Zapateri, Revta. aragon. ent., 5 :135-146.
Skuhrava, M., V. Skuhravy, P. Dauphin, R. Coutin. 2005. Gall midges of France, Les Cécidomyies de France (Diptera : Cecidomyiidae). Mémoires de la Société Linnéenne de Bordeaux, Tome 5.
Skuhrava, M., Skuhravy, V. dr.Gallmücken und ihre gallen auf wildpflanzen, 1963, A. Ziemsen Verlag – Wittenberg Lutherstadt.
Skuhrava, M., Skuhravy, V. dr.Gall Midges (Cecidomyiidae, Diptera) of Mallorca (Balearic Islands, Spain). 2003. Boln. Asoc. esp. Ent., 28 (1-2): 105-119).
Stone, G.N., Cook, J.M.. 1998. The structure of cynipid oak galls: patterns in the evolution of an extended phenotype. Proceedings of the Royal Society London. 265, 979-988.
Stone, G.N., Schönrogge, K. 2003. The adaptive significance of insect gall morphology. Trends in Ecology and Evolution. Vol.18 No.10.
Sumerford, D.V., W.G. Abrahamson. 2000. The effects of drought on the Solidago altissima-Eurosta solidaginis-natural enemy complex: population dynamics, local extirpations, and measures of selection intensity on gall size, Oecologia 122: 240-248.
Tokuda, M., J. Yukawa. 2007. Biogeography and Evolution of Gall Midges (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) inhabiting broad-leaved evergreen forests in Oriental and Eastern Palearctic Regions. Oriental Insects, Vol. 41: 121-139.
Tomkins, A.R. et al. 2000. Emergence of Apple leafcurling midge (Dasineura mali) and its parasitoid (Platygaster demades), New Zealand Plant Protection 53: 179-184.
Uechi, N. Yukawa, J., Yamaguchi, D. 2004. Host Alternation by Gall Midges of the Genus Asphondylia (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae). Bishop Museum Bulletin in Entomology 12: 53-66.
Urban, J. 2003. Bionomics and harmfulness of Tetraneura ulmi (L.) (Aphidinea, Pemphigidae) in elms. Journal of Forest Science, 49, 2003 (4): 159-181.
Urban, J. 2003. Biology and harmfulness of Eriosoma (= Schizoneura) ulmi(L.) (Aphidinea, Pemphigidae) in elm. Journal of Forest Science, 49, 2003 (8): 359-379.
Urso-Guimaraes, M.V., Scareli-Santos, C., Bonifacio-Silva, A.C. 2003.Occurrence and Characterization of Entomogen Galls in Plants from Natural Vegetation Areas in Delfinopolis, MG, Brazil. Braz. J. Biol., 63(4): 705-715).
Vårdal H., 2004. From Parasitoids to Gall Inducers and Inquilines, Morphological Evolution in Cynipoid Wasps.Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology 932. Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, Uppsala.
Vrcibradic, D., C.F.D. Rocha, R.F. Monteiro, Patterns of Gall-forming in Ossaea confertiflora (Melastomataceae) by Lopesia brasiliensis (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) in an area of Atlantic Rainforest in Southeastern Brasil, 2000, Rev. Brasil. Biol., 60 (1): 159-166.
Wallace, R.L., D.W. Ott, S.L. Stiles & C.K. Oldham-Ott. 2001. Bed and Breakfast: the parasitic life of Proales werneckii (Ploimida: Proalidae) within the alga Vaucheria (Xanthophyceae: Vaucheriales). Hydrobiologica 446/447: 129-137.
Weis, A.E., A. Kapelinski, 1994, Variable selection on Eurosta's gall size. II. A path analysis of the ecological factors behind selection, Evolotion, 48 (3), pp. 734-745.
Weis, A.E., 1982, Use of a symbiotic fungus by the gall maker Asteromyia carbonifera to inhabit attack by the parasitoid Torymus capite, Ecology, 63(5) pp. 1602-1605.
Weld, L.H. 1960. Cynipid Galls of the Southwest (Hymenoptera, Cynipoidea) an aid to their identification. Ann Arbor, Michigan.
Williams, D.J., Martin, J.H. 2003. Description of a new species ofOvaticoccus Kloet (Hemiptera: Coccoidae, Eriococcidae) from Belize, with remarkably large hind coxae and causing leaf-curl galls. Zootaxa 367: 1-6.
Williams, D.J., Miller, D.R. 1999. Two New Genera and Species of Mealybugs (Hemiptera: Coccoidea: Pseudococcidae) that Produce Plant Galls. Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 101(3). pp. 522-539.
Williams, R., 2005, Oak-galls in Britain, Vanellus publications.
Williams, R., 1998, The Oak Marble-gall in Britain, with keys, descriptions & drawings of its inhabitants, Vanellus Photofiles.
Yang et al., Cecidomyiid galls on Machilus thunbergii, 1999, Bot. Bull. Acad. Sin. 40: 153-158.
Zerova, M.D., Seryogina, L.Y., Melika, G., Pavlicek, T., Nevo, E. 2003.New Genus and New Species of Cynipid Gall Inducing Wasp (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae) and New Species of Chalcid Wasps (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea) from Israel. J. Ent. Res. Soc. 5(1): 35-49.